The flat roofs of commercial buildings and apartment blocks have historically been notorious for water problems. No roof is ever completely flat, causing water to pond in certain areas. Eventually this water finds its way through to the building below. Concrete is actually a permeable material, so the last line of defence is the roof sheeting chosen to seal the roof. PVC was first introduced as a roofing membrane in the1960s, and has become a material of choice in the industry due to its durability and resistance to leaks.